“I have a Tumblr, which is sort of feminist- y, social justice-y”: Women of color cultivating virtual social capital to survive and thrive.

womenofcolorandsocialmediaAuthors: Charmaraman, L., Chan, B., Price, T., & Richer, A.

Year Published: 2015

Source: Women of Color and Social Media Multitasking: Blogs, Timelines, Feeds, and Community.

Active representation and police response to sexual assault complaints

Year Published: 2016

Author: Melissa Morabito, Ph.D., April Pattavina, Ph.D., and Linda M. Williams, Ph.D.

Source: Journal of Crime and Justice

Policing has long been a profession dominated by white males. Yet, the organizational literature suggests that diverse public sector organizations are essential to a well-functioning democracy. Representative bureaucracy theory is the idea that public agencies should mirror the society in which it functions in order to best meet the needs of its citizens. There are three necessary conditions in order for representative bureaucracy theory to be applicable to a problem. First, bureaucrats must have discretion in decision-making. Next, bureaucrats must exercise discretion in a policy area that has important implications for the group they represent. Finally, bureaucrats must be directly associated with the decisions they make. Given that police work requires extraordinary discretion, representation holds great importance for police organizations. There has, however, been scant literature examining the interaction between representation, organizational characteristics of police agencies, and situational characteristics of sexual assault incidents. This paper builds upon previous research regarding the effect of diversity on public safety outcomes. A national sample of police organizations reporting to both Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics and National Incident-Based Reporting System are used with specific attention paid to interaction between organizational characteristics, agency innovativeness, and representation.

 

Adolescents’ Religious Discordance with Mothers: Is There a Connection to Sexual Risk Behavior During Emerging Adulthood?

journalofprimarypreventionAuthors: Grossman, J.M., Tracy, A.J. & Noonan, A.

Source: Journal of Primary Prevention, 34, 329-343.

 

An internet-based adolescent depression preventive intervention: study protocol for a randomized control trial

Year Published: 2015

Authors: Tracy G Gladstone, Monika Marko-Holguin, Phyllis Rothberg, Jennifer Nidetz, Anne Diehl, Daniela T DeFrino, Mary Harris, Eumene Ching, Milton Eder, Jason Canel, Carl Bell, William R Beardslee, C Hendricks Brown, Kathleen Griffiths and Benjamin W Van Voorhees

Source: Trials Journal

 

Be Careful Who You Friend: Early Adolescents' Reports of Safety, Privacy, and Family Monitoring of Facebook Use

Year: 2014

Authors: Charmaraman, L., & Grossman, J.

Source: Journal of Youth Development: Bridging research and practice, 9(1), 86-112

Boston Quality Inventory 2010: Community Early Care and Education Programs.

Year Published: 2010

Author: Marshall, N.L., Dennehy, J., Robeson, W.W. & Roberts, J.

Source: Wellesley Centers for Women, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA.

 

Boston Quality Inventory 2013: Community Early Care and Education Programs

Year Published: 2013

Author: Marshall, N.L., Robeson, W.W., & Roberts, J.

Source: Wellesley Centers for Women, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA, available at: Boston EQUIP

 

Building an Infrastructure for Quality: An Inventory of Early Childhood Education and Out-of-School Time Facilities in Massachusetts

Year Published: 2011

Author: Children's Investment Fund

Source: Wellesley Centers for Women & On-Site Insight. Report to The Children’s Investment Fund, available at: Wellesley Centers for Women

 

Building Professional Development for Urban Public Preschools: Experiences and Reflections.

Year Published: 2011

Authors: Roberts, J.R. & Love, M.L.

Source: The Early Childhood Educator Professional Development Grant Research and Practice (Advances in Early Education and Day Care). John A. Sutterby (Ed.) Bingley, UK: Emerald.

ISBN: 0857242806

Can Sex Education Delay Early Sexual Debut?

Year: 2012

Authors: Erkut, S., Grossman, J. M., Frye, A., Ceder, I., Charmaraman, L., Tracy, A.

Source: Journal of Early Adolescence, 33(4), 482-497

Abstract: In this study, we examine whether a nine-lesson sex education intervention, "Get Real: Comprehensive Sex Education That Works," implemented in sixth grade, can reduce the number of adolescents who might otherwise become "early starters" of sexual activity (defined as heterosexual intercourse) by seventh grade. Participants were 548 boys and 675 girls who completed surveys in both sixth grade (baseline) and seventh grade (follow-up). The sample was 35% Latino, 32% Black, 24% White, 3% Asian, and 6% biracial. Students randomly assigned to the control condition were 30% more likely to initiate sex by follow-up when controlling for having had sex by sixth grade, demographic variables, and a tendency to give socially desirable responses. This finding is noteworthy because previous research has identified early starters to be prone to poor outcomes in sexual health, family formation, economic security, and incarceration and few middle school interventions have shown an effect on behavioral outcomes.

DOI: 10.1177/0272431612449386

Changing Policy to Achieve Equity for Infants and Toddlers

Year Published: 2015

Authors: M.V. Mayoral, Pedro Noguera, Aisha Ray, Layli Maparyan, Lauren Hogan

Source: Zero to Three

 

Comparing Sexuality Communication Among Offspring of Teen Parents and Adult Parents: a Different Role for Extended Family

Year Published: 2015

Authors: Jennifer M. Grossman, Allison J. Tracy, Amanda M. Richer, Sumru Erkut

Source: Sexuality Research and Social Policy

 

Congregating to create for social change: Urban youth media production and sense of community

Year: 2013

Authors: Charmaraman, L.

Source: Learning, Media, & Technology, 38(1), 102-115.

Abstract: This case study explored how adolescents were empowered through after school media production activities and, in the process, re-imagined themselves as active and engaged citizens within their community. Through analyzing interviews, participant observations, and media artifacts of 14 participants (aged 15-19) over a period of 18 months, three main themes emerged from the triangulation of data: (1) sociocultural capital through group ownership; (2) safe space for creative expression; and (3) developing a sense of community with diverse voices. These young people exercised their collective voice toward pro-social actions by writing and producing their stories and showcasing their works at community screenings. They hoped that their videos would promote individual and community transformations. Building on youth development, community psychology, and media literacy frameworks, this article discusses educational implications like advocating for the power of youth media production to bridge participants' personal and private artistry to public and political statements.

DOI: 10.1080/17439884.2011.621956

Constructing Profiles of Religious Agreement and Disagreement Between Adolescents and Mothers: A Research Note

Year Published: 2012

Authors: Noonan, A.E., Tracy, A.J., & Grossman, J.

Source: Review of Religious Research

Abstract: This research note describes the use of latent class analysis to examine how three dimensions of religiosity—the importance of religion (religious salience), attendance at religious services, and frequency of prayer—cluster together to form unique profiles. Building upon recent research identifying different profiles of religiosity at the level of the individual, we used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to identify dyadic profiles of religious concordance or discordance between 14,202 adolescents and their mothers. We identified five profiles: one concordant (27% of sample), two discordant (25% of sample), and two of mixed concordance/discordance (49%). The profiles distinguish between various levels of adolescent/mother relations, suggesting that they may represent distinct family dynamics. They also distinguish between several variables (race, adolescent age, geographical region) in predictable ways, providing additional demonstration of the categories’ meaningfulness.

ISSN: 2211-4866 (online) / 0034-673X (print)

DOI: 10.1007/s13644-012-0053-6

Credentialing for Youth Work: Expanding Our Thinking

Year Published: 2016

Author: Ellen Gannett, M.Ed. and Elizabeth Starr, M.Ed.

Source: The Changing Landscape of Youth Work: Theory and Practice for an Evolving Field

The book compiles and publicizes the best current thinking about training and professional development for youth workers. This volume is part of the series, Adolescence and Education (Series Editor: Ben Kirshner, University of Colorado Boulder), published by Information Age Publishing.

 

Development and evaluation of a web-based clinician training program for a family-focused depression preventive intervention

Year Published: 2016

Author: Tracy Gladstone, Ph.D. and Elizabeth Starr, M.Ed.

Source: Journal of Technology in Human Services

This study evaluated the acceptability, feasibility, and satisfaction associated with a newly developed online clinician training program for the Family Talk preventive intervention, both alone and together with a redesigned, shortened, face-to-face component. Fifty-eight predominately in-home therapy clinicians participated in the study. Results indicated that clinician participants found the online training to be enjoyable and comprehensive, and they reported that the most beneficial training package involved the combination of web-based and in-person training. This combined training could efficiently cover necessary didactic material online while also delivering important clinical skill practice and in-person discussion. Exceptions, limitations, and important future research questions are discussed.

 

Development of a technology-based behavioral vaccine to prevent adolescent depression: A health system integration model

Year Published: 2015

Authors: Benjamin W. Van Voorhees, Tracy Gladstone, Stephanie Cordel, Monika Marko-Holguin, William Beardslee, Sachiko Kuwabara, Mark Allan Kaplan, Joshua Fogel, Anne Diehl, Chris Hansen, Carl Bell

Source: Internet Intervention

 

Developmental risk of depression: Experience matters

Year Published: 2012

Authors: Beardslee, W.R., Gladstone, T.R.G., & O’Connor, E.E.

Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America

DOI: 10.1016/j.chc.2011.12.001

Differentiable attitudes towards specific crimes and contexts: A quantification of neutralization techniques

Year Published: 2016

Author: Linda M. Williams, Ph.D.

Source: Polish Journal of Social Rehabilitation

 

Distal and Proximal Religiosity as Protective Factors for Adolescent and Emerging Adult Alcohol Use

Year Published: 2015

Authors: Michelle V. Porche, Lisa R. Fortuna, Amy Wachholtz, and Rosalie Torres Stone

Source: Religions

 

Do as I say, not as I did: How parents talk with teens about sex

Year: 2012

Authors: Grossman, J., Charmaraman, L., & Erkut, S.

Source: Journal of Family Issues

Abstract: Communication between parents and teens about sexuality can reduce early sexual behavior. However, little research investigates how parents who were adolescents when they had children (early parents) talk with their teens about sex. In-depth interviews were conducted with a racially/ethnically diverse sample of 29 parents of seventh graders. Salient themes of conversations with adolescents were risks of early parenthood, sexually transmitted infections, delaying sex, and using protection. Compared with parents who were older when they had children (later parents), early parents were more likely to report having had negative sexuality communications with their families of origin and to express a wish to communicate differently with their own children. Early parents were more likely than later parents to discuss risks of early parenthood and to rely on extended family involvement in sexuality communication. Findings suggest that early parents may bring unique perspectives that enable them to approach sexuality communication differently than do later parents.

DOI: 10.1177/0192513X13511955

Economic Impacts of Immigration: A Survey

Year Published: 2011

Authors: Kerr W. and Pekkala Kerr S.

Source: Finnish Economic Papers, Vol. 24, 2011

Abstract: An intergenerational model is developed, nesting heritable earning abilities and credit constraints limiting human capital investments in children. Estimates on a large, Finnish data panel indicate very low transmission from parental earnings, suggesting that the parameter of inherited earning ability is tiny. Family income, particularly during the phase of educating children, is shown to be much more important in shaping children’s lifetime earnings. This influence of parental incomes on children’s earnings rises as the children age because the returns to education rise. Despite Finland’s well-developed welfare state, persistence in economic status across generations is much higher than previously thought.

DOI: 10.3386/w16736

Effect of a Cognitive-Behavioral Prevention Program on Depression 6 Years After Implementation Among At-Risk Adolescents A Randomized Clinical Trial

Year Published: 2015

Authors: David A. Brent, MD; Steven M. Brunwasser, PhD; Steven D. Hollon, PhD; V. Robin Weersing, PhD; Gregory N. Clarke, PhD; John F. Dickerson, PhD; William R. Beardslee, MD; Tracy R. G. Gladstone, PhD; Giovanna Porta, MS; Frances L. Lynch, PhD; Satish Iyengar, PhD; Judy Garber, PhD

Source: JAMA Psychiatry

 

Emergence of Communication: Words, Grammar and First Conversations

Authors: Robeson, W.W. & McCartney, K.

Year Published: 1992

Source: J.R. Lally, P.L. Mangione, & L.L. Young-Holt (Eds.), Revised Infant Toddler guide to language development and communication. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Education.

Employment and Women's Health

Year Published: 2013

Author: Marshall, N.L.

Source: In M.V. Spiers, P.A. Geller & J.D. Kloss (Eds.), Women's Health Psychology (46-63),  Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons

ISSN: 978-0-470-89066-0

 

Extending the Knapsack: Using the White Privilege Analysis to Examine Conferred Advantage and Disadvantage

Year Published: 2015

Authors: Peggy McIntosh

Source: Women in Therapy

 

Facilities Inventory Project: Boston Report

Year Published: 2011

Author: Marshall, N.L., Robeson, W.W., Hall, G., Tomasetti, S & Hutchinson, B.

Source: Wellesley Centers for Women & On-Site Insight. Report to The Children’s Investment Fund

 

Facilities Inventory Project: Data Report

Year Published: 2011

Author: Marshall, N.L., Robeson, W.W., Hall, G., Tomasetti, S & Hutchinson, B., Tomasetti, S. & Hutchinson, B.

Source: Wellesley Centers for Women & On-Site Insight. Report to The Children’s Investment Fund

 

Family Homework and School-Based Sex Education: Delaying Early Adolescents' Sexual Behavior

Year: 2013

Authors: Grossman, J. M., Frye, A., Charmaraman, L., & Erkut, S.

Source: Journal of School Health, 83(11), 810-817

Abstract: Early sexual activity can undermine adolescents' future school success and health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to assess the role of a family homework component of a comprehensive sex education intervention in delaying sexual initiation for early adolescents and to explore what social and contextual factors prevent adolescents from completing these family homework activities. This mixed methods study included 6th- and 7th-grade survey responses from 706 students at 11 middle school schools receiving a sex education intervention, as well as interviews from a subset of 33, 7th-grade students from the larger sample. Adolescents who completed more family homework assignments were less likely to have vaginal intercourse in 7th grade than those who completed fewer assignments, after controlling for self-reports of having had vaginal intercourse in 6th grade and demographic variables. Participants' explanations for not completing assignments included personal, curriculum, and family-based reasons.
Family homework activities designed to increase family communication about sexual issues can delay sex among early adolescents and contribute to school-based sex education programs. Successful sex education programs must identify and address barriers to family homework completion.

DOI: 10.1111/josh.12098

From media propaganda to de-stigmatizing sex: A teen magazine by, for, and about girls

Year: 2013

Authors: Charmaraman, L., & Low, B.

Source: In K. Harper, Y. Katsulis, V. Lopez, and G. S. Gillis (Eds.), Girls’ Sexualities and the Media (pp. 245-261). New York: Peter Lang

Global Talent Flows

Year Published: 2016

Author: Sari Pekkala Kerr, William Kerr, Çaǧ lar Özden, Christopher Parsons

Source: The National Bureau of Economic Research

The global distribution of talent is highly skewed and the resources available to countries to develop and utilize their best and brightest vary substantially. The migration of skilled workers across countries tilts the deck even further. Using newly available data, we first review the landscape of global talent mobility, which is both asymmetric and rising in importance. We next consider the determinants of global talent flows at the individual and firm levels and sketch some important implications. Third, we review the national gatekeepers for skilled migration and broad differences in approaches used to select migrants for admission. Looking forward, the capacity of people, firms, and countries to successfully navigate this tangled web of global talent will be critical to their success.

 

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Health prevention and promotion

Authors: Beardslee, W.R., & Gladstone, T.R.G.

Source: In R.C. Talley, G.L. Fricchione, B.G. Druss, & R. Martinez (Eds.), Caregiving and mental health. New York: Oxford University Press.

Immigration and Employer Transitions for STEM Workers

Year Published: 2013

Authors: Pekkala Kerr S., Kerr W.

Source: American Economic Review, Vol. 103, 2013

Abstract: The firm is almost entirely absent from models of immigration, and yet firms play a central role for high-skilled immigration. The H-1B visa program, for example, is a firm-sponsored entry where firms are responsible for every stage: from identifying the immigrant, to employing them, to filing for permanent residency on behalf of the immigrant. This central role of firms for high-skilled immigration suggests the traditional lens for evaluating the impact of immigration on natives through local area labor markets or national age-education approaches may miss important dynamics. We analyze the employment and wage trajectories of high-skilled workers born in America when a high-skilled immigrant arrives at their work site. We use linked employer-employee data during the 1995-2008 period from the Census Bureau for this exercise, which identifies the immigration status and country-of-birth of workers. We follow the subsequent career path of workers after high-skilled immigration occurs to the employee's work site both within firms (e.g., changes in employee salary, relocation to other sites) and across firms (e.g., movements to new jobs or out of workforce, long-term salary adjustments). The richness and depth of the Census Bureau data allow for multiple comparison points: selection on observables (e.g., age, tenure, salary levels and recent growth), varying immigration treatments across different work sites for the same firm for otherwise comparable employees, and (for a subset of cases and short time period at the end of our sample) randomization in H-1B admission lotteries.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.193

Importance of Race and Ethnicity: An Exploration of Asian, Black, Latino, and Multiracial Adolescent Identity

Year: 2010

Authors: Charmaraman, L. & Grossman, J.

Source: Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 16(2), 144-151

Abstract: This mixed-method study used a grounded theory approach to explore the meanings underlying the importance that adolescents attach to their racial-ethnic identities. The sample consisted of 923 9th- to 12th-grade students from Black, Latino, Asian, and multiracial backgrounds. Thematic findings identified a broad range of explanations for adolescents' racial-ethnic centrality, ranging from pride and cultural connection to ambivalence and colorblind attitudes. While racial-ethnic groups differed in reported levels of racial-ethnic centrality, few group differences were identified in participants' thematic explanations, with the exception of racial-ethnic and gender differences for Positive Regard and Disengagement. These findings highlight the diversity of meanings that adolescents attribute to their racial-ethnic centrality as well as the many commonalities among adolescents across gender and racial-ethnic groups.

DOI: 10.1037/a0018668

Increasing Understanding in Children of Depressed Parents: Predictors and Moderators of Intervention Response

Year Published: 2015

Authors: Tracy R. G. Gladstone, Peter W. Forbes, Anne Diehl, and William R. Beardslee

Source: Depression Research and Treatment

 

Intergenerational Income Immobility in Finland: Contrasting Roles for Parental Earnings and Family Income

Year Published: 2012

Authors: Lucas R.E.B and Pekkala Kerr S.

Source: Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 25, 2012

Abstract: An intergenerational model is developed, nesting heritable earning abilities and credit constraints limiting human capital investments in children. Estimates on a large, Finnish data panel indicate very low transmission from parental earnings, suggesting that the parameter of inherited earning ability is tiny. Family income, particularly during the phase of educating children, is shown to be much more important in shaping children’s lifetime earnings. This influence of parental incomes on children’s earnings rises as the children age because the returns to education rise. Despite Finland’s well-developed welfare state, persistence in economic status across generations is much higher than previously thought.

DOI: 10.1007/s00148-012-0442-8

Is It Bullying or Sexual Harassment? Knowledge, Attitudes, and Professional Development Experiences of Middle School Staff

Year: 2013

Authors: Charmaraman, L., Jones, A., Stein, N. & Espelage, D.

Source: Journal of School Health, 83(6), 438-444

Abstract: This study fills a gap in the literature by examining how school staff members view bullying and sexual harassment and their role in preventing both. Given recent legislation, increasingly more attention is paid to bully prevention; however, student-on-student sexual harassment is less addressed. Four focus groups were conducted with 32 staff members from 4 midwestern public middle schools. Questions assessed professional development opportunities on bullying and sexual harassment prevention/intervention, personal definitions of these behaviors, and their perceptions of school norms regarding such behavior. Staff members recalled receiving more professional development on bullying than sexual harassment. They tended to define sexual harassment as something that occurs between adults and/or adults and students and did perceive their role in enforcing a "sexual harassment-free" peer-to-peer school zone. When school administrators fail to provide professional development on both bullying and sexual harassment, staff members do not understand that sexual harassment occurs between students. Thus, they are unaware of policies to protect students from harmful experiences in educational settings and are not likely to understand their own role in preventing them.

DOI: 10.1111/josh.12048

It All Just Piles Up: Challenges to Victim Credibility Accumulate to Influence Sexual Assault Case Processing

Year Published: 2016

Author: Melissa Morabito, Ph.D., April Pattavina, Ph.D., and Linda M. Williams, Ph.D.

Source: Journal of Interpersonal Violence

The underreporting of sexual assault is well known to researchers, practitioners, and victims. When victims do report, their complaints are unlikely to end in arrest or prosecution. Existing research on police discretion suggests that the police decision to arrest for sexual assault offenses can be influenced by a variety of legal and extra-legal factors particularly challenges to victim credibility. Although extant literature examines the effects of individual behaviors on police outcomes, less is known about how the accumulation of these behaviors, attributions, and characteristics affects police decision making. Using data collected from the Los Angeles Police Department and Sheriff’s Department, the researchers examine one police decision point—the arrest—to fill this gap in the literature. They examine the extent to which the effects of potential challenges to victim credibility, based on victim characteristics and behaviors, influence the arrest decision, and next, how these predictors vary across circumstances. Specifically, the team examines how factors that challenge victim credibility affect the likelihood of arrest in sexual assault cases where the victim and offender are strangers, acquaintances, and intimate partners.

 

Measurement Uncertainty in Racial and Ethnic Identification Among Adolescents of Mixed Ancestry: A Latent Variable Approach

Year Published: 2010

Authors: Tracy, A.J., Erkut, S., Porche, M.V., Kim, J., Charmaraman, L., Grossman, J.M., Ceder, I., & Vázquez Garcia, H.

Source: Structural Equation Modeling, 17(1), 11-133. NIHMSID 277208

Abstract: In this article, we operationalize identification of mixed racial and ethnic ancestry among adolescents as a latent variable to (a) account for measurement uncertainty, and (b) compare alternative wording formats for racial and ethnic self-categorization in surveys. Two latent variable models were fit to multiple mixed-ancestry indicator data from 1,738 adolescents in New England. The first, a mixture factor model, accounts for the zero-inflated mixture distribution underlying mixed-ancestry identification. Alternatively, a latent class model allows classification distinction between relatively ambiguous versus unambiguous mixed-ancestry responses. Comparison of individual indicators reveals that the Census 2000 survey version estimates higher prevalence of mixed ancestry but is less sensitive to relative certainty of identification than are alternate survey versions (i.e., offering a “mixed” check box option, allowing a written response). Ease of coding and missing data are also considered in discussing the relative merit of individual mixed-ancestry indicators among adolescents.

DOI: 10.1080/10705510903439094

Measuring Program Quality: Evidence of the scientific validity of the Assessment of Program Practices Tool (APT)

Year Published: 2016

Author: Linda Charmaraman, Ph.D., Allison Tracy, Ph.D., Ineke Ceder, and Amanda Richer

Funded by the William T. Grant Foundation and Virginia B. Toulmin Foundation in two phases, they describe APT’s strengths as an evaluation and program quality measure for out-of-school (OST) programs, a tool that is critical for program directors and policymakers who need to identify where to improve and how to support those improvements within OST programs. In addition, the online, video-based training developed in the second phase to increase reliability of APT raters showed promise, such that the most high priority APT quality areas were found to be the most improved (i.e., most accurate) scores post training.

 

Obscuring Gender-Based Violence: Marriage Promotion and Teen Dating Violence Research

Year Published: 2016

Author: Carrie Baker & Nan Stein

Source: "Obscuring Gender-Based Violence:Marriage Promotion and Teen Dating Violence Research", Journal of Women, Politics & Policy, 37:1, 87-109, DOI: 10.1080/1554477X.2016.1116301

ISSN: 1554-4788 (Online)

 

Parental Leave Legislation and Women's Work: A Story of Unequal Opportunities

Year Published: 2015

Author: Sari Pekkala Kerr

Source: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management

 

Planning in Middle Childhood: Early Predictors and Later Outcomes

Year Published: 2014

Authors: Friedman, S.L., Scholnick, E.K., Bender, R.H., Vandergrift, N., Spieker, S., Hirsh Pasek, K., Keating, D.P., Park, Y. and the NICHD Early Child Care Research Network*
* Marshall is a member of the NICHD ECCRN

Source: Child Development, July 2014, Vol. 85 Issue 4, p. 1446-1460

Abstract: Data from 1,364 children and families who participated in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development were analyzed to track the early correlates and later academic outcomes of planning during middle childhood. Maternal education, through its effect on parenting quality when children were 54 months old, predicts their concurrent performance on sustained attention, inhibition, and short-term verbal memory tests. This performance predicts planning in first grade, which predicts third-grade reading and mathematics attainment, but not the rate of growth in academic skills from first to fifth grades. This path was also found when the same parenting, cognitive, and academic constructs were measured at later time points.

ISSN: 0009-3920

DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12221

Police and domestic sex trafficking of youth: What teens tell us that can aid prevention and interdiction

Year Published: 2015

Author: Linda M. Williams, Ph.D.

Source: Journal of Crime and Justice

Juveniles are more likely to come into contact with the criminal or juvenile justice systems in the U.S. as victims than as offenders. Yet, except in the case of child victims of sexual abuse at hands of a family member, juveniles as victims still receive little attention in the criminal justice literature. And, for the most part, the actors in the justice system in the U.S. have not been given the skills, tools, and resources to effectively deal with juveniles, especially teenaged youth, as victims. Furthermore, policing of domestic sex trafficking of youth has focused on police response at later stages of sex trafficking (when such a crime is clearly identified) and the role of the police in coordinated response teams and building cases against the perpetrators including ‘pimps.’ This article offers evidence from research on commercial sexual exploitation of adolescents to examine police interactions with youth who are at a high risk for or on the pathway into domestic sex trafficking, and identifies prevention and interdiction strategies. Notably, these strategies reflect the connection of police responses to domestic violence, youth status offenses, and homeless teens.

 

Post-Secondary Education and Information on Labor Market Prospects: A Randomized Field Experiment

Year Published: 2015

Authors: Sari Pekkala Kerr, Tuomas Pekkarinen, Matti Sarvimaki, Roope Uusitalo

Source: Post-Secondary Education and Information on Labor Market Prospects: A Randomized Field Experiment

 

Practices and Approaches of Out-of-School Time Programs Serving Immigrant and Refugee Youth

Year Published: 2015

Authors: Georgia Hall, Michelle Porche, Jennifer Grossman, and Sviatlana Smashnaya

Source: Journal of Youth Development

 

Prevention of Depression in At-Risk Adolescents: Predictors and Moderators of Acute Effects

Year Published: 2016

Author: Weersing, V.R., Shamseddeen, W., Garber, J., Hollon, S.D., Clarke, G.N., Beardslee, W.R., Gladstone, T.R., Lynch, F.L., Porta, G., Iyengar, S. and Brent, D.A.

Source:  "Prevention of Depression in At-Risk Adolescents: Predictors and Moderators of Acute Effects", Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Volume 55, Issue 3.

 

Preventive interventions for children of parents with depression: International perspectives

Year Published: 2012

Authors: Beardslee, W.R., Solantaus, T., Morgan, B., Gladstone, T., & Kowalenko, N.

Source: Medical Journal of Australia

Program Development

Year Published: 2016

Author: Georgia Hall, Ph.D.

Source: SAGE Encyclopedia of Out-of-School Learning

Examines components of OST programs such as staffing, leadership, communication, planning, physical and financial resources, family and school relations, and programming, which can vary in quality but collectively contribute to the delivery of experiences to children and youth. They should be well run and organized with a central focus on promoting the healthy and positive development of children and youth.

 

Program Facility Standards for Early Care and Education & Out-of-School-Time Programs

Year Published: 2011

Author: Pardee, M., Cowden, M.M., Robeson, W.W., Marshall, N.L., Hall, G., Tomasetti, S. & Hutchinson, B.

Source: The Children’s Investment Fund

 

Protective Effects of Middle School Comprehensive Sex Education With Family Involvement

Year: 2014

Authors: Grossman, J., Tracy, A., Charmaraman, L., & Erkut, S.

Source: Journal of School Health, 84, 739-747

Abstract: School-based comprehensive sex education programs can reduce early adolescents' risky sexual behavior. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a 3-year comprehensive sex education program in delaying vaginal sex for middle school students and whether the family component of the intervention contributes to its effectiveness.METHODS This longitudinal evaluation followed a cohort of 6th graders (N = 2453) through the end of 8th grade. The design used random assignment of 24 schools into treatment and comparison conditions. The analysis included multiple-group logistic regression to assess differences in delay of sex between intervention and comparison groups.RESULTSIn schools where the program was taught, 16% fewer boys and 15% fewer girls had had sex by the end of 8th grade compared to boys and girls at comparison schools. Completing family activities during the first year of the program predicted delayed sexual debut for boys.CONCLUSIONS Theory-based, developmentally appropriate, comprehensive sex education programs that include parent involvement can be effective in delaying vaginal sex for middle school students. Parent involvement is particularly important for boys, as family activities may encourage parents to talk with their sons earlier and more frequently.

DOI: 10.1111/josh.12199

Reducing Health Disparities for Hispanic Children with Special Health Care Needs

Year Published: 2013

Author: Palfrey, J., Rosen-Reynoso, M., Ogilus, N., Foley, S.

Source: National Center for Community-Based Services

 

School dropout prevention: What arts-based community and out-of-school time programs can contribute

Year: 2011

Authors: Charmaraman, L. Hall, G.

Source: New Directions for Youth Development, S1, 9-27

Abstract: Out-of-school-time programs, especially arts-based programs, can be critical players in a community's efforts to prevent school dropout. This research review suggests the following approaches for arts-based programs: (1) recruitment and retention of target populations with multiple risk factors; (2) long-term skill development that engages youth behaviorally, emotionally, and academically rather than a drop-in culture; (3) an emphasis on the critical ingredient of real-world applications through performance; (4) staff development and mentoring; (5) a strategic community-level plan for dropout prevention; (6) and program content reframed toward competencies that underlie better school performance and prosocial behavior, such as communication, initiative, problem solving, motivation, and self-efficacy.

DOI: 10.1002/yd.416

School Tracking and Development of Cognitive Skills

Year Published: 2013

Authors: Kerr S., Pekkarinen T., and Uusitalo R.

Source: Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 31 (no. 3)

Abstract: We evaluate the effects of the school system on mathematical, verbal, and logical reasoning skills using data from the Finnish comprehensive school reform that abolished the two-track school system. We use a difference-in-differences approach that exploits the gradual implementation across the country. Cognitive skills are measured using test scores from the Finnish Army Basic Skills Test. The reform had small positive effects on verbal test scores but no effect on the mean performance in the arithmetic or logical reasoning tests. However, the reform significantly improved the scores of the students whose parents had less than a high school education.

DOI: 10.1086/669493

Stages of Change and the Group Treatment of Batterers: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Year Published: 2010

Authors: Alexander, P.C., Morris, E., Tracy, A., & Frye, A.

Source: Violence and Victims, 25(5), 571-587.

Abstract: A stages-of-change motivational interviewing (SOCMI) treatment approach was compared with a standard cognitive behavioral therapy gender reeducation (CBTGR) approach in a sample of 528 English-speaking and Spanish-speaking male batterers who were randomly assigned to 49 26-week groups in either condition. Blind ratings of therapist adherence differentiated the two conditions. Language spoken neither predicted outcome nor interacted with treatment. The SOCMI curriculum led to significant reductions in female partners' reports of physical aggression at follow-up, but not to changes in self-reported aggression. Men who were initially less ready to change benefited more from the SOCMI approach while men who were more ready to change benefited more from the CBTGR approach. Results suggest the importance of tailoring abuser intervention programs to individuals' initial readiness to change.

DOI: 10.1891/0886-6708.25.5.571

Strengthening At Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children: Cross-Site Evaluation of the Strengthening At Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children Initiative 2012

Year Published: 2012

Author: The National Center on Family Homelessness, with Marshall, N.L.

Source: The National Center on Family Homelessness, available at: American Institutes for Research

 

Subsidized child care, maternal employment and access to quality, affordable child care

Year Published: 2013

Author: Marshall, N.L., Robeson, W.W., Tracy, A.J., Frye, A., & Roberts, J.

Source: Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 28, 808–819.

Abstract: To examine whether state child care subsidy policies can combine goals of increasing maternal employment and increasing access to quality child care for children in low-income families, we studied one state's comprehensive policy, through a cross-sectional survey of 665 randomly selected families using centers, Head Starts, family child care homes, public school preschools or informal care, including a sample of families on the waitlist for child care subsidies. We found that, in Massachusetts, families receiving child care subsidies report greater access to child care, more affordable child care, and higher quality child care, than do similar families not receiving subsidies. Lower-income families not receiving subsidies can sometimes access affordable, quality child care through Head Start programs and public preschools, but, when they have to pay for care, they pay a significantly greater proportion of their income than do families receiving subsidies. We also found that families on the subsidy waitlist are at a particular disadvantage. Waitlist families have the greatest difficulty paying for care, the least access, and the poorest quality child care. While the child care subsidy policies benefited those families receiving subsidies, families outside the system still struggled to find and afford child care.

ISSN: 0885-2006

 

Summer Learning

Year Published: 2016

Author: Georgia Hall, Ph.D.

Source: SAGE Encyclopedia of Out-of-School Learning

Focuses on out-of-school time (OST) programs where children and youth have the opportunity to build supportive relationships, test out new skills, gain valuable peer relationship experiences, and build social and emotional learning skills while supporting children’s wellness and continued learning while school is not in session.

 

The Importance of Audience and Agency for Representation: A Case Study of an Urban Youth Media Community

Year: 2010

Authors: Charmaraman, L.

Source: Sociological Studies of Children and Youth, 13, 207-233

Abstract: Urban youths' agency to represent their realities through media has been largely unexplored in the youth development literature. In this qualitative case study of an after-school youth media program in the Bay Area, expressions of youth agency and the role of audiences are explored during the process of producing videos for public consumption. METHODOLOGY: As participant observer of 14 ethnically diverse youth participants aged between 15 and 18 years over 18 months, I documented (a) the kind of agencies participants engaged in and (b) the impact of live and imagined future audiences on youths' creative processes. Analyses of field notes, semi-structured interviews, and media projects were conducted using thematic analysis to inductively generate emerging categories. FINDINGS: Themes included an agentive sense of self-efficacy, commitment, and responsibility, as well as perceived contributions to local audiences and an emerging collective identity. The youth demonstrated their increased sense of a social or civic duty to realistically represent youth of color to familiar and unfamiliar audiences. IMPLICATIONS: This case study demonstrated how one youth media organization fostered agency through youth authorship, production, distribution, and local community dialogue. By documenting the impact of audiences from conception to public reception, this study provides valuable insight into the agentive process of publicly "performing" a commitment to complete a social change video project. CONTRIBUTION: This chapter underscores the value of performance within youth development programs and the critical component of audiences as one form of authentic assessment in order to foster individual and collective agency.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.10.004

The Relational Health Indices for Youth: An Examination of Reliability and Validity Aspects

Year Published: 2010

Authors: Liang, B., Tracy, A.J., Kenny, M.E., Brogan, D., Gatha, R.

Source: Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 42(2)

Abstract: Relational health, a termed coined by Liang et al. (2001) to reflect Relational-Cultural Theory concepts, is the presence of growth-fostering characteristics in significant relationships. Although growth-fostering relationships have been conceptualized as relevant across the lifespan, existing research has mainly explored the experiences of college students and adults. In this study, the authors seek to create a developmentally appropriate instrument called the Relational Health Indices for Youth (RHI-Y) for studying growth-fostering relationships among early and mid-adolescents. This measure adapts the original adult RHI instrument for a younger population (i.e., utilizing a simpler vocabulary and containing fewer items). Measurement development resulted in six-item scales assessing relational health in three different relationship domains: friendships, relationships with an adult mentor, and relationships with members of a community group. Results indicate that the RHI-Y scales are valid, reliable measures of growth-fostering relationships. Preliminary findings about the correlates of relational health in youth are discussed.

DOI: 10.1177/0748175609354596

Understanding and Responding to the Mental Health Needs of Latino Youth in a Cultural Framework

Year Published: 2015

Authors: Lisa Fortuna, Aida Jimenez, Michelle Porche

Source: Cultural Sensitivity in Children and Adolescent Mental Health

 

Urban Early Adolescent Narratives on Sexuality: Accidental and Intentional Influences of Family, Peers, and the Media

Year: 2011

Authors: Charmaraman, L., & McKamey, C.

Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 8(4), 253-266

Abstract: In this paper, we examine the ways that early adolescents talked, interacted, and made references to events in their individual and collective lives during photography-based focus groups about sexuality and relationships. Twenty-three participants (10 boys and 13 girls) were recruited from three urban schools participating in a comprehensive sex education impact evaluation in the Northeast. We analyzed conversational narratives that were elicited in a group process while sharing photos of important people, contexts, and situations, showcasing participants' exploration of sexuality and relationships. Our analysis revealed four main themes: (a) direct and indirect family communication about sexuality, (b) accidental and intentional Internet usage, (c) shared and contested peer knowledge, and (d) school as a direct and indirect learning context. Implications and future directions for practice, research, and policy are explored.

DOI: 10.1007/s13178-011-0052-3

Weathering the Great Recession: Variation in Employment Responses by Establishments and Countries

Year Published: 2016

Author: Sari Pekkala Kerr, Erling Barth, James Davis and Richard B. Freeman

Source: The National Bureau of Economic Research

This paper finds that US employment changed differently relative to output in the Great Recession and recovery than in most other advanced countries or in the US in earlier recessions. Instead of hoarding labor, US firms reduced employment proportionately more than output in the Great Recession, with establishments that survived the downturn contracting jobs massively. Diverging from the aggregate pattern, US manufacturers reduced employment less than output while the elasticity of employment to gross output varied widely among establishments. In the recovery, growth of employment was dominated by job creation in new establishments. The variegated responses of employment to output challenges extant models of how enterprises adjust employment over the business cycle.

 

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Within and Between Firm Trends in Job Polarization: Role of Globalization and Technology

Year Published: 2016

Author: Sari Pekkala Kerr, Terhi Maczulskij and Mika Maliranta

Source: Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (Etla)

This paper analyzes occupational polarization within and across firms using comprehensive matched employer-employee panel data from Finland. The occupational distribution in Finland has been polarizing over the last few decades, with mid-level production and clerical jobs eroding while low-skill service occupations and high-skill specialist occupations gain share. We find that the phenomenon is taking place within existing firms, as well as due to firm entry and exit. Service jobs are increasing through the entry-exit dynamics, but also via establishment level restructuring among continuing firms. Routine jobs, including mid-level plant operating jobs, are being destroyed both among continuing firms and at the entry-exit margin. The share of high-level occupations increases largely within continuing firms. Within the continuing firms the job polarization appears to be related to the trade of goods and services, as well as the outsourcing of tasks. Firms with high R&D expenditures and ICT use are more prone to lay off process and production workers.

 

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