35th Anniversary Symposium: Reflections, Conversations, New Directions Carolyn Elliott, Ph.D., Rangita de Silva-de Alwis, S.J.D., Haleh Esfandiari, Ph.D. Moderator: Susan McGee Bailey, Ph.D.
Lunchtime Seminar November 11, 2010 (57:13 min.)
In explaining the origins of organizations, existing scholarship has tended to overemphasize the role of the lone entrepreneur, and neglect the fact that many new organizations emerge from existing organizations.
November 18, 2010 (32:42 min.)
Rangita de Silva-de Alwis, S.J.D., Director of International Human Rights Policy Programs at the Wellesley Centers for Women, leads a unique project that brings together women leaders from countries governed by Muslim Law.
Nan Stein, Ed. D. : Sexual Harassment Left Behind: What the Bullying Framework is Doing to Civil Rights Laws and Framework
November 4, 2010
In this presentation, Senior Research Scientist Nan Stein, Ed.D., will discuss three main points related to the use of the label “bullying” in schools: the term “bullying” is imprecise and vague, and used as a default, a crutch, and a place holder; there is no agreement on the definition of “bullying,” and neither state laws nor researchers can agree on a common definition; and claims of effectiveness of classroom interventions/curriculum on bullying reduction are often inflated, exaggerated, and self-serving, and should be met with skepticism.
Judith V. Jordan, Ph.D. : Empowering Relationships, Expanding Human Possibility
October 28, 2010
In order to enhance wellbeing, the desire for connection and community must be honored. In this talk, Judith Jordan, Ph.D., will explore the importance of growth-fostering relationships in people’s lives. She will examine the ways in which hyper-individualistic models of development distort human experience and will address the ways in which a “Separate Self” psychology puts humans at odds with our biological and neurological needs, and thus leads to increased stress in our lives.
During this presentation, Georgia Hall, Ph.D., senior research scientist at the National Institute on Out-of-School Time at the Wellesley Centers for Women, investigated how youth experience the democratic ideals and skills that form the foundation of a debate program, and in what ways those experiences influence the youth’s understanding of, participation in, and consideration of democracy. (Please note sound quality improves after first minute.)
The news is full of talk of the “boy crisis in education,” but what, exactly does this mean? Susan McGee Bailey, Ph.D., executive director of the Wellesley Centers for Women, and author of the 1992 report, How Schools Shortchange Girls, has been following the debate surrounding the education of boys and girls for more than 30 years. In this presentation she addressed the current debate from an historical perspective and reviewed what the research data really tell us about boys and girls in schools.
Ellen Gannett, Ed.M., director of the National Institute on Out-of-School Time at the Wellesley Centers for Women, highlighted the findings of a national study of professional credentials in the field of afterschool education and youth work. The study describes evidence of the value of credentialing programs in enhancing the workforce and improving the quality of programs and positive outcomes for youth. The report also includes information from the field of early care and education, which has considerable experience with professional development through credentials that provides valuable lessons for the field of youth work.
Sumru Erkut, Ph.D., senior research scientist and associate director at the Wellesley Centers for Women, presented findings from the Critical Mass Study. This project was an examination of both the impact of the presence of women on Fortune 1000 boards of directors as well as the number of women directors that creates a critical mass for that impact. This was the first research study that tried to answer the question of whether it makes a difference how many women serve on a board.
This talk suggested that chronic lack of appreciation leads to demoralizing feelings of humiliation. Using Relational-Cultural Theory as a fundamental framework, Linda Hartling, Ph.D., associate director of the Jean Baker Miller Training Institute at the Wellesley Centers for Women, explored how this phenomenon—lack of appreciation—foments social pain through devaluation, demoralization, and disconnection. Further, integrating methods developed by an international network studying human dignity and humiliation, Hartling described a relational approach for helping others and ourselves move out of appreciation deprivation by “walking our talk.” *Please note that data and background information cited in this presentation were current for the date of the presentation but should not necessarily be considered the most current research on the related issues today.
While the Right has benefited from a shared vision that unites its sectors and informs its messages, the progressive movement lacks such a unifying vision. Jean Hardisty, Ph.D., believes that there is a visionary treasure in the writings of past theorists, who have laid out beliefs behind a society grounded in social justice. She asserts that we need to read these past thinkers and draw from them the material needed today to unify and rebuild the progressive movement.
Title IX was passed 35 years ago, and many today view it as having “solved” the problem of gender inequality in sports. However, while Title IX was critical to opening athletic doors to girls and women, it opened sex-segregated doors. Title IX never demanded equality, and has ironically served to keep female athletes in second-class status. Laura Pappano, writer-in-residence with the Wellesley Centers for Women, and her colleague Eileen McDonagh, Ph.D., will talk about the effects of this flawed design and how women today are working toward equality in sports.
Rangita de Silva-de Alwis, LL.M., S.J.D., senior advisor on international programs at the Wellesley Centers for Women, examined the recent revisions to the Women's Law in China through the lenses of some exciting new developments in gender-based lawmaking in Asia, and explored to what degree human rights norms and transnational connections have informed those legal transformations and how much of this is translated into actual practice.
Sally Engle Merry, Ph.D.; Localizing Women's Human Rights in India, China, and the U.S.
(March 13, 2008)
Sally Engle Merry, Ph.D., senior scholar at the Wellesley Centers for Women (WCW), presented a paper that explores the process of translating human rights into the vernacular, arguing that as rights ideas travel and land, they do not stand alone but form assemblages of various kinds with other social movements. This comparative study showed how women’s human rights join with existing social justice ideas in China, India, and the USA. It is based on an ethnography of two women’s NGOs in each country.
In this talk, Jennifer Grossman, Ph.D., and Linda Charmaraman, Ph.D., postdoctoral research fellows at the Wellesley Centers for Women, discussed the importance of race for White adolescents and how it differs across school and class contexts.
Lorraine Cordeiro, Ph.D., M.P.H.; Adolescent Nutrition: Hunger and Dietary Diversity in Tanzania
(October 23, 2008)
In this presentation, Lorraine Cordeiro, Ph.D., M.P.H., National Institutes of Child and Human Development (NICHD) postdoctoral research fellow, discusses her study investigating the association between dietary diversity and undernutrition among a sample of adolescents aged 10-19 years from Kilosa District, Tanzania. Her findings support a growing body of research on adolescent health suggesting detrimental effects of household food insecurity on nutritional status.
Michelle V. Porche, Ed.D., and Lisa Fortuna, M.D., presented their initial findings of a needs assessment of child and adolescent refugee mental health services in New Hampshire. The pilot utilizes community dialogue strategies for integrating youth, family, provider, school and community knowledge and expertise towards addressing refugee mental health needs especially as it relates to trauma and in the context of resettlement. Youth and their families are seen at the center of this dialogue as critical informants and participants in intervention planning.
Erin Seaton, Ed.D.; In-dependent Identities: Rural Adolescent Girls' Narratives of Isolation and Connection
(December 11, 2008)
Erin Seaton, Ed.D., is the 2005 recipient of a Stone Center Grant from the "Empowering Children for Life" Program. This program established in 2003 at the Wellesley Centers for Women supports research and evaluation that advances understanding of the role of relationships in fostering child and adolescent well being and healthy human development. The grant enabled Dr Erin Seaton to interview adolescent girls growing up in central rural New Hampshire. Her talk reveals the girls' challenges to crafting constructive self identities and the complexity of their relationships in their small town.
Alice Frye, Ph.D., MPH; Adolescence to Adulthood: Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms
(February 26, 2009)
Alice Frye, Ph.D., MPH , a WCW research scientist, presented her work on study and remediation of psychopathology among adolescents at risk. Researchers generally acknowledge that the development of depressive symptoms in adolescents is an important area of research focus, as adolescent depression is associated with an increased risk for depression across the life span. Whereas a robust body of work is accruing with respect to adolescent depression, its risks and trajectory, less is known about the continuing trajectory of depression across the transition to young adulthood. This presentation will focus on examining the trajectory of depressive symptoms in a diverse sample of young adults, and identifying different pathways of symptomatology and corresponding risks. Findings will be examined in the context of how the trajectory of depression in young adulthood is similar to and different from trajectories of depression in adolescence.
Maureen Walker, Ph.D.; Hope in Action: Healing Practices of Power and Possibility
(March 5, 2009)
In this presentation, Maureen Walker, Ph.D., Director of Program Development at JBMTI, discusses why noble intentions alone are insufficient to advance a social action agenda. Indeed, the hopes and aspirations on which social justice organizations are founded often dissipate under the weight of a power paradigm that normalizes relational constriction and hyper-control. The inevitable outcome of such a paradigm is an organizational culture of disconnection: a culture that functions to contaminate conflict and to stifle creativity. This talk examined the power beliefs and relational practices that foster conflict-competent organizations, in which initiatives toward transformation and new possibilities may be exercised from any position in the power structure. In addition, Walker discusses the behavioral correlates of empathy, authenticity, and mutuality—the relational competencies required to sustain an agenda of hope, justice, and healing.
In this seminar, Sally Engle Merry, Ph.D. will discuss the use of statistical methods in understanding violence against women. As the spread of indicators as a new technology of governance expands into the field of human rights and global governance, the way violence against women is understood is also shifting. The use of indicators, statistical measures of performance, submerges political issues about how to define and measure social phenomena into technical mastery. Thus, assessing the political and social processes of indicator production and implementation is fundamental to assessing the effects of this new technology on power relations and forms of global governance.
Tracy R. G. Gladstone, Ph.D.; The Prevention of Depression in At-Risk Adolescents
(March 26, 2009)
Depression, which often has its first onset in adolescence, is a common and impairing condition associated with difficulties in relationships, impaired school and work performance, and increased risk for substance abuse and suicide. Adolescent offspring of depressed parents are at markedly increased risk for developing depression themselves. To date, few large-scale depression prevention trials have been conducted targeting high risk children of depressed parents. In this seminar, Tracy Gladstone, Ph.D. , will present data from a multi-site randomized controlled trial of a group, cognitive-behavioral prevention program targeting these adolescent (ages 13-17) offspring of parents with current and/or prior depressive disorders.
Pamela C. Alexander, Ph.D.; Dual Trauma Couples - Implications for Family Violence
(April 2, 2009)
The intergenerational transmission of violence has long been acknowledged to be important in understanding men’s propensity to engage in intimate partner violence (IPV), women’s vulnerability to abuse by a partner and both dads’ and moms’ risk for abusing their children. However, what is the impact on family violence (IPV and child abuse) of both partners or parents having a history of childhood trauma? Although this is a question that is virtually ignored by researchers, it concerns couples and families with clearly the greatest risk for serious violence. To address this question, Pamela C. Alexander, Ph.D., will be presenting data from two large datasets – 1) men court-ordered to treatment for IPV and their female partners, and 2) military families participating in a child abuse prevention program.
Usually when right-wing researchers disseminate biased research posing as objective social science, mainstream and liberal opponents criticize the conclusions reached and the policies that flow from them. But equally important is the misuse of standard social science methodology in the research. Using marriage promotion as a case study, Jean Hardisty, Ph.D., Senior Scholar at the Wellesley Centers for Women, will discuss how the Right generates misleading “research” in think tanks, then uses its political, media, academic, and legislative allies to build consensus in support of the flawed results.
Amy Hoffman, M.F.A.; Lies about My Family: A Memoir (a reading from a work in progress)
(October 29, 2009)
Lies about My Family is a memoir in progress about Amy Hoffman (M.F.A.)'s grandparents’ immigration in the early 20th century to the U.S. from Jewish villages in what are now Ukraine and Belarus. Based on historical research, oral histories, photographs, and Hoffman's own memories, the book explores their lives, values, and experiences, and the effects of those down the generations. Hoffman is interested in the stories we tell, the stories we don’t tell, the facts and the truths we make of them.
In this talk, Rangita de Silva-de Alwis, LL.M., S.J.D., will discuss her use of four innovative pilot projects launched in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, and Nepal as the lens to explore how the women’s rights and disability rights agendas intersect as a way to create a new paradigm based on a more holistic reading of the human rights framework. Dr. De Silva-de Alwis, a human rights lawyer and scholar, is Director of International Human Rights Policy Programs at the Wellesley Centers for Women, where she takes the lead on new global initiatives for the organization.
Ruth Harriet Jacobs, Ph.D.; Older Women as Mentors
(November 12, 2009)
Ruth Harriet Jacobs, Ph.D., will give examples of older women in mentoring roles and discuss the impact these relationships can have on both older and younger women. She also will offer members of the audience a chance to share stories about mentoring and will talk about opportunities in the area where older women can be “sages to seekers,” sharing their skills and wisdom as mentors.
Nan Stein, Ed.D. and Katja Gillander Gadin, Ph.D.; Sexual Harassment in K-12 Schools as the Precursors to Teen Dating Violence: Perspectives from Law, Public Health, and Education in Sweden and the U.S.
(November 19, 2009)
Nan Stein, Ed.D. discussed some key areas for research and public policy on gender-based violence and sexual harassment, including how to return the focus in U.S. schools to sexual violence and a discourse of civil rights and Katja Gillander Gadin, Ph.D., from the Department of Health Sciences at Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden, discussed the normalization processes of violence and sexual harassment in schools from a Swedish perspective, analyzing and reflecting on why these problems still exist in Swedish schools.
Alice Frye, M.P.H., Ph.D.: The Measurement and Use of "Social Class" in Published Research: Education, Occupation, Income, Location, Government Assistance or Some Combination Thereof
April 1, 2010
Alice Frye, M.P.H., Ph.D. presents results from a survey of published articles showing the variety of ways that socioeconomic status is currently constructed in adolescent research, discuss strengths and weaknesses of the current approaches, and suggest possible alternatives.
Erika Kates, Ph.D.: Expanding Options for Female Offenders: A Project to Identify Community-Based Resources in Massachusetts
March 25, 2010
Erika Kates, Ph.D. discusses her work in directing the Massachusetts Women in Prison Coalition, which she initiated July 2009. The Coalition is a group of experts with in-depth knowledge of the gender-specific needs of female offenders and experience in direct service provision, research, policy analysis, and policy making.
Linda Charmaraman, Ph.D.: Teen Voices: Identity Development in a Community-Based Media Internship
March 18, 2010
Linda Charmaraman, Ph.D. discusses findings from a case study of an internship setting for urban teen girls in the Boston area called Teen Voices. In the study, Linda Charmaraman explored how working for an alternative teen magazine influenced adolescent girls’ identity development, including beliefs related to gender and family expectations, media stereotypes, and future success.
Laura Pappano and Allison Tracy, Ph.D.; Ticket Office Sexism: The Gender Gap In Pricing for NCAA Division I Basketball
March 4, 2010
Laura Pappano and Allison Tracy, Ph.D. discuss the results of their studies of ticket prices at 292 Division I institutions for the 2008-2009 season and the implications of disparities in ticket prices between men's and women's events.
Linda Charmaraman, Ph.D. : The Overlap between Bullying and Sexual Violence in Middle Schools: Perspectives from Students and Educators
October 21, 2010
Middle school youth and their teachers are seldom the focus of research explaining the bridge between bullying and sexual violence. Through interviews with middle school students and focus groups with their teachers, Research Scientist Linda Charmaraman, Ph.D., has explored and will discuss the following questions: (1) What are student and teacher perceptions of bullying (including cyberbullying) and sexual harassment, including why it occurs, where, when, and to whom? (2) From student and teacher vantage points, what factors in the school environment influence the occurrence of bullying and sexual harassment and what are the consequences? (3) What types of support do teachers need to help them address issues of bullying and sexual harassment? (4) What recommendations do students provide for effectively addressing bullying and sexual harassment?
Jean Hardisty, Ph.D. : Race and Child Care in Mississippi (The Grace K. Baruch Memorial Lecture)
October 14, 2010
In this presentation, Jean Hardisty, Ph.D., will discuss the relationship between the provision of child care to welfare recipients and institutional racism, using Mississippi as a case study. Jean Hardisty is a Senior Scholar at the Wellesley Centers for Women and the founder and president emerita of Political Research Associates, a Boston-based research center that analyzes right wing, authoritarian, and anti-democratic trends, and publishes educational materials for the general public.
Nidhiya Menon, Ph.D. : Gender and Conflict in Nepal: Testing for “Added Worker” Effects
October 7, 2010
In this presentation, Nidhiya Menon, Ph.D., will discuss a study of the “added worker effect,” examining how Nepal’s 1996-2006 civil war affected women’s decisions to engage in employment. Results indicate that with the displacement of male workers as a result of the communist-led insurgency, women’s employment probabilities were substantially higher in 2001 and 2006 relative to the outbreak of war in 1996. Menon is a Senior Research Scientist at the Wellesley Centers for Women and Associate Professor in the Department of Economics and International Business School at Brandeis University.
Sibling relationship quality has been connected to psychosocial and mental health outcomes in youth, including internalizing and externalizing difficulties, substance abuse, and poor peer relationships. Yet to date, no studies have examined sibling relationships in families with a depressed parent. Given that maladaptive family interactions characterize families with depressed parents and are associated with poor sibling relationships, which are associated with poorer youth outcomes, it follows that sibling relationships in families with a depressed parent also may be impaired. In this presentation, Tracy Gladstone, Ph.D., senior research scientist and director of the Stone Primary Prevention Initiatives at the Wellesley Centers for Women, discussed data pertaining to sibling relationship quality, parenting, and psychopathology in the adolescent offspring of depressed parents.