Peggy McIntosh

Peggy McIntosh

Senior Research Scientist and Former Associate Director


Ph.D., Harvard University
mmcintos@wellesley[dot]edu


Founder of the National SEED Project; writes and lectures extensively on issues of equity and privilege as they relate to race, class, gender, and sexual orientation


Peggy McIntosh, Ph.D., former associate director of the Wellesley Centers for Women (WCW), is founder of the National SEED Project (Seeking Educational Equity and Diversity), which helps teachers and community members create their own local, year-long, peer-led seminars in which participants use their own experiences and those of their students, children, and colleagues to open important conversations that in turn create communities and workplaces that are more inclusive.

McIntosh is widely known for her 1988 and 1989 papers on privilege -- White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences through Work on Women’s Studies and White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack. Although the term ‘White Privilege’ was used well before McIntosh’s work, it gained widespread use following the release of these papers. Her paper series, “Feeling Like A Fraud,” also continues to inform the teaching and understanding of privilege and empowerment.


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